HSA 535 HSA/535 HSA535 Midterm Exam Part 2

<span itemprop="name">HSA 535 HSA/535 HSA535 Midterm Exam Part 2</span>
  1. Which of the following activities characterizes an epidemiologic approach (as opposed to a clinical approach)?
  2. Which of the following activities characterizes a clinical approach (as opposed to an epidemiologic approach)?
  3. In the Yearly Mortality Bill for 1632, consumption referred to:
  4. Which of the following is not usually an aim of epidemiology?
  5. The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) is responsible for (give the best answer):
  6. John Snow, author of Snow on Cholera:
  7. Cyclic variations in the occurrence of pneumonia and influenza mortality may reflect
  8. In 1900, the death rate per 100,000 members of the population for influenza and pneumonia (I & P) was 202.2; it was 22.4 in 2003. How much did the death rate due to I & P decline?
  9. Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by pasteurization of milk
  10. The difference between primary and secondary prevention of disease is:
  11. Increases in lung cancer mortality, especially among women, illustrate which of the following trends in disease occurrence?
  12. Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by half-way houses for persons recovering from addiction
  13. Indicate the level of prevention that is represented by nutritional counseling for pregnant women
  14. According to the natural history of disease model, the time before the precursors of disease and the host interact is called the period of:
  15. Beach City has a rising population of 500,000 robust, fertile males and 450,000 robust, fertile females. If there were 4,000 live births, 3 fetal deaths, and 40 maternal deaths, what is the crude birth rate?
  16. The incidence of a disease is five times greater in men than in women, but the prevalence shows no sex difference. The most likely explanation is that:
  17. An epidemiologic survey of roller-skating injuries in Metroville, a city with a population of 100,000 (during the midpoint of the year), produced the following data for a particular year:
    Number of skaters in Metroville during any given month

    12,000

    Roller-skating injuries in Metroville

    600

    Total number of residents injured from roller-skating

    1,800

    Total number of deaths from roller-skating

    90

    Total number of deaths from all causes

    900

  18. The risk of acquiring a given disease during a time period is best determined by:
  19. Estimating the frequency of exposure. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
  20. An epidemiologic survey of roller-skating injuries in Metroville, a city with a population of 100,000 (during the midpoint of the year), produced the following data for a particular year:
    Number of skaters in Metroville during any given month

    12,000

    Roller-skating injuries in Metroville

    600

    Total number of residents injured from roller-skating

    1,800

    Total number of deaths from roller-skating

    90

    Total number of deaths from all causes

    900

  21. To express the burden or extent of some condition or attribute in a population. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
  22. To provide a direct estimate of the risk of developing a disease. Is this a use for incidence or prevalence data?
  23. Lung cancer mortality among women is increasing faster than among men. What factor(s) would most likely account for this increased cancer rate?
  24. A null hypothesis is most similar to which of the following?
  25. Age-specific and age-adjusted mortality rates by sex in the United States generally show the following sex differences:
  26. Which of the following statements most accurately expresses the breeder hypothesis for schizophrenia?
  27. The use of GIS may be thought of as following the heritage of:
  28. Which of Mill’s four canons suggests that there is an association between frequency of disease and the potency of a causative factor?
  29. Studies of nativity and migration have reported that:
  30. Which of the following statements most accurately expresses the downward-drift hypothesis for schizophrenia?
  31.  

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